Showing posts from May, 2012

Slicing The Monoceros Overdensity with Suprime-Cam

I've finally succumbed to the sickness sweeping the land, and find myself wide awake at 5am (this is not really a natural state for an astronomer). So, as I sit here with sore throat, a quick post for you. Blair Conn, my ex-student and now Humboldt Fellow in Heidelberg, and I, have had a paper accepted for publication in the  Astrophysical Journal. The focus of the paper is the  Monoceros Ring , a vast "stream" of stars that appears to circle at the outer edge of the Milky Way galaxy. The ring has had a bit of a checkered past, not its existence, but its origin. People generally fall into two camps, those that think that Monoceros is just a natural piece of galaxy, a region of the stellar disk that has been puffed up (also known as the flare or warp of the disk), whereas others think the ring is the debris from a dwarf galaxy which was tidally disrupted when it came to close to the disk of the Milky Way. Potentially it is the debris from the Canis Major Dwarf Ga

Ranking Astronomers

If you want to fire up astronomers (and scientists in general), start discussing the topics of research impact and research metrics. These are the buzz words at the moment, as governments around the world are carrying out assessment of research done with public funds. Here in Australia we are in the current round of  The Excellence in Research for Australia , where research in universities is scored on a scale which compares it to international standards. I could write pages on attitudes to such exercises, and what it means, but I do note that the number of papers an academic has was a factor considered in a recent round of  redundancies at the University of Sydney . But what I will focus upon is an individual ranking, the  h-index . You can read the details of the h-index at wikipedia, but simply put, take all the papers written by an academic, and find out how many times each of them has been cited. Order the papers from the most cited to the least, and where the number of th

The Lives of High Redshift Mergers

Our office move has been completed, and I must admit that I am very pleased. The offices are swish, the french patisserie at the end of the street is superb, my walk to the trains has been cut in half, and I love my glass office wall/whiteboard. Time to get back to some work. And to kick things off, my PhD student, Tom McCavana, has gotten a paper accepted for publication in the Monthly Notices in the Royal Astronomical Society. It's a bit of a complex tale, but the underlying question is simple, namely how do galaxies grow over time? We know from Cold Dark Matter model for the Universe that they grow over time through the accretion of smaller systems. Here's a little movie illustrating such a growing galaxy Looks cool eh? These movies are generated in massive simulations of structure growth, something you need supercomputers for. The problem is that most simulations are not the complete picture, as they only consider the evolution of dark matter, as the complex phy